When is a pepper not a pepper?
Have you ever wondered what the relation between the ground black peppercorns in a pepper shaker is to the chili peppers and bell peppers on the plate? Turns out, they’re pretty much unrelated, aside from both being plants and from planet Earth.
Black (and white or green, for that matter) peppercorns (Piper nigrum) are a member of the Piper genus, and are native to South and South-East Asia. Peppercorns were one of the many luxury spices that came across the Eurasian continent on caravans, at least as far back as the Greek empire.
Like the other spices, they were relegated solely to the rich, and were used for medicinal purposes as well as in cooking. Black and long pepper (Piper longum) were used in treatments for diarrhea, cholera, constipation, hoarseness, gangrene, hernia, heart disease, insomnia, joint pain, sunburn, and tooth abscesses.
The active piquant compound in black pepper is called piperine, and while it is structurally and evolutionarily unique from the piquant compound in chili peppers (capsaicin), it interacts with the tastebuds in a way that triggers the same chemical pathways to the brain.
This similarity, in fact, is why chilies (Capsicum) are known as “chili peppers” - when Christopher Columbus brought the first chilies back to Europe in 1493, the warming, spicy taste that chilies imparted led to them being classified in the same group as black pepper. We now know that the “peppers” found in the New World belong to the family Solanaceae, and are related to deadly nightshade, potatoes, tomatoes, and tobacco, among many other economically and pharmacologically important plants. Black pepper, meanwhile, is distantly related to magnolias, but otherwise in a group of relative-unknowns.
The sweet peppers or bell peppers are a close relative to the chili peppers, but are unique in the Capsicum genus in that they do not produce capsaicin, and as such are not “hot” like the others. By the way, what’s the difference between red and green bell peppers? Nothing but age! They’re the same species - a cultivar of Capsicum annum, which happens to be naturally somewhat hot. You won’t find a bell pepper in the wild, as they were developed by humans!
Top: Spices, Their Nature and Growth. McCormick and Co., 1915. Depicting Capsicum, chilies, and peppercorn varieties.
Bottom Left: Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen in naturgetreuen Abbildungen mit kurz erläuterndem. 1885. Capsicum annum.
Bottom Right: Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen in naturgetreuen Abbildungen mit kurz erläuterndem. 1885. Piper nigrum.
Please read this****
If a thief forces you to take money from an ATM, do not argue or resist. What you should do is punch your pin in reverse. EX: if your pin is 1234 you punch 4321. The moment you punch in the reverse, the money will come out but will be stuck in the machine and the machine will immediately alert the police without the theif’s knowledge. Every ATM has this feature.
Reblog this so everyone knows, this happens all the time especially in the city
tumblr teaches me so much more than anyone else does about life situations
This isn’t true at all it’s a myth that could get you killed, stop spreading it around! http://www.snopes.com/business/bank/pinalert.asp
DO YOUR RESEARCH BEFORE TRYING SOMETHING YOU LEARNED ON TUMBLR IN A LIFE AND DEATH SITUATION
The Memes on Tonight’s hey Arnold
I just saw this and I have no idea how to react to it. :V
“For the last 20 years of my life, I’ve been wearing something unrecognizable. I’ve been acting for 20 years now and I’ve been under the radar.”- Doug Jones
Wow I know most of those characters and didn’t know they were the same person.
Doug Jone is extra fabulous. And he’s a total sweetheart… With really long arms, lol.
P.S. You forgot Pencil Head from Mystery Men. ;)
Awesome post! I will forever love Billy Butcherson.
And people call Gary Oldman the modern man of 1000 faces
He was also the ‘sloth’ victim in Se7en. This guy is the best.
I met him once at a con in Chicago. He’s pretty much the nicest guy ever.
Excuse me but Into Darkness has been out for a week, why are there no posts talking about the fact that Cucumberpatch makes the face that suggests he’s going to steal christmas
I mean really
I HAVE BEEN SITTING HERE FOR A WEEK TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHAT THAT STUPID FACE REMINDED ME OF AND THIS IS IT. THIS IS IT. THE FUCKING GRINCH.
Magnemeleon, the Iron Shod Pokemon
Magnemite + Charmeleon
I fancy something like this might be the result of a hideous Rocket experiment
Police swooped on the homeless, grabbing sleeping bags and food parcels donated by the public, in co-ordinated raids around the borough.
This is absolutely barbaric and incredibly hard to believe.
I don’t know Ms. Allis, but I like that she decided to illustrate Miyazake’s words.
Yes. All of it.
This is fantastic!
busterbeam asked: I was liking your nationalism rant but then >thedailymail hmmmmmm i dunno anymore
My point was that stories like that are floated around by the right in Europe everywhere to garner support and be like OH WOW FOREIGNERS BAD VOTA...
oliveraug asked: There is a political party called the swedish democrats or something like that that has caught a lot of controversy for being more for racicm/against imigration than real politics in Sweden. The wierd thing is that they have picked up a lot of steam and sparked many more debates about the issue. I feel this has divided the people somewhat more.
It illustrates my point that nationalism is on the rise. If not because of immigration, then because of how the Eurozone is failing and creating...
Anonymous asked: anything you regret from your formative years as an artist? i mean, mid-late teens; mostly asking for some advice from one who is in that period as of now.
Fun fact! My formative years were very late teens to early twenties, which I’ve only just left.
One of my biggest regrets would be allowing the ego...